Sleep Disorders and Truck Driver Safety

Gain an understanding on the critical link between sleep disorders and truck driver safety with the Hurt Trucker Attorneys. Call us for more information.

Understanding Sleep Disorders in Truck Drivers

Sleep disorders, encompassing conditions like insomnia and severe sleep apnea, are common among truck drivers. According to an NCBI study, 20% to 28.6% of truckers reported unspecified sleep disorders, 27.5% experienced insomnia, and 25.8% to 51% dealt with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). These statistics underscore the prevalence of sleep disorders in the trucking industry, raising concerns about their effects on driver safety.

Beyond causing fatigue, sleep disorders impair critical driving factors such as reaction times and judgment, elevating the risk of accidents. The NCBI study also highlighted that truck drivers often fall short of the recommended 7 hours of sleep, emphasizing the urgency of addressing this issue to enhance road safety.

For injured truck drivers with sleep apnea or insomnia, seeking guidance from Hurt Trucker Attorneys is essential for comprehensive legal representation and guidance. Our dedicated team is committed to ensuring injured truckers receive the justice and compensation they deserve.

Common Sleep Disorders Truck Drivers Suffer From

In the demanding trucking industry, sleep disorders pose a formidable threat to driver safety, with two prevalent culprits being OSA and Insomnia.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder among truck drivers, characterized by recurrent airway obstruction during sleep. This condition affects 25.8% to 51% of truck drivers, presenting a significant challenge to the industry.

Untreated sleep apnea may increase the odds of getting involved in driving accidents or near-miss incidents. Addressing OSA is crucial for mitigating the elevated risk on the road.


Insomnia, marked by difficulty falling or staying asleep, is another common sleep disorder affecting truck drivers. It is reported by 27.5% of drivers, highlighting its widespread occurrence within the industry.

Insomnia significantly compromises driver safety, with the risk of driving accidents being so high. Addressing insomnia is essential to enhance overall road safety and the well-being of truck drivers, as it leads to driver fatigue, which in turn leads to more accidents.

Untreated or undiagnosed sleep apnea or insomnia can have serious health and safety implications on truck drivers and other road users.

Regulations for Trucking Safety

Regulatory measures are paramount in safeguarding the well-being of drivers and promoting road safety. Current regulations, administered by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), establish comprehensive guidelines for various facets of driver health, including provisions specific to sleep disorders.

For instance, under 49 CFR Part 391, truck drivers must undergo regular medical examinations conducted by a medically qualified certified medical examiner, assessing conditions that may affect their ability to safely operate commercial motor vehicles. Although FMCSA guidelines don’t specifically address sleep apnea, conducting sleep apnea testing is recommended for commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers.

Hours of Service (HOS) regulations (49 CFR Part 395) also govern the maximum allowable driving hours within a specified timeframe to prevent fatigue-related accidents and ensure driver safety.

Trucking companies shoulder significant legal responsibilities concerning the health of their drivers in alignment with these regulations. Compliance with medical examination requirements, HOS regulations, and proactive measures related to sleep disorders is a legal obligation instrumental in enhancing overall road safety.

By understanding and adhering to these regulations, trucking companies can create a safer environment for drivers and all road users. Regular updates and consultations with legal professionals are vital to staying abreast of evolving regulatory requirements.

Strategies for Managing Sleep Disorders

Navigating the challenges of sleep disorders is crucial for the well-being and safety of truck drivers on the road. Here, we present practical tips from the Missouri Department of Transportation (DOT) on how to stay awake and safe.

  • Preventing Drowsiness Before a Trip:

    • Get enough sleep before hitting the road.

    • Stick to a regular sleep routine.

    • Avoid too much caffeine and heavy meals close to bedtime.

  • Maintaining Alertness While Driving:

    • Take short breaks to stay fresh.

    • Stay hydrated with water.

    • Do light exercises during breaks for better circulation.

  • Treating Sleep Apnea:

    • Have a sleep apnea test if you haven’t already.

    • Use CPAP machines to keep airways open.

    • Consider BiPAP machines as an alternative.

  • Treating Insomnia:

    • Try Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I).

    • Consult with healthcare professionals about medications.

Our injury attorney for truckers at Hurt Trucker Attorneys can provide experienced legal help for injured truck drivers. If you need help, contact us to navigate challenges and secure the most favorable outcome.

Risks of Unmanaged Sleep Disorders on Truckers’ Safety

Unmanaged sleep disorders pose a significant threat to a truck driver’s professional life, as they may result in the loss of a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL). If deemed unfit due to sleep disorders or other illnesses affecting sleep, regulatory authorities can suspend or revoke a driver’s CDL.

The repercussions of accidents stemming from unmanaged sleep disorders extend beyond personal consequences. Both truckers and their employing companies can face potential civil and criminal penalties in the aftermath of an accident.

Depending on the circumstances, legal actions can be taken against the trucker, the trucking company, or both parties. Penalties may include fines and, in extreme cases, criminal charges.

Injured on the Road? Call Hurt Trucker Attorneys

For truck drivers with sleep disorders, sustaining injuries while on duty adds a layer of complexity to an already challenging situation. Conditions like insomnia or obstructive sleep apnea can compromise a driver’s on-road performance, but this doesn’t automatically assign them sole liability for truck accidents.

It’s entirely plausible that drivers with sleep disorders may be found only partially at fault or not liable at all, emphasizing the necessity of legal guidance to determine liability and investigate.

At Hurt Trucker Attorneys, our commitment to advocating for the rights of injured truckers has solidified our reputation for excellence. If you’re a truck driver navigating the aftermath of an injury, especially one related to a sleep disorder, don’t face the legal complexities alone. Let us help you!

Contact us today to schedule a free consultation.