Hours of Service Regulations
These FMSCA regulations specify how many hours commercial motor vehicle or truck drivers are allowed to be on duty. The rules stipulate specific hours for driving and resting to ensure that drivers are alert at all times when they are driving. Consequently, commercial vehicle drivers are required to do the following:
- Take ten consecutive hours off duty before returning to driving.
- Drive for not more than 11 hours within the next 14 hours after taking ten consecutive hours off duty.
- Take a minimum of a 30-minute break after driving for eight consecutive hours
- Take a 36 hour break after 60 hours on duty within seven consecutive days or 70 hours on duty within eight consecutive days.
There are some exceptions to the hours of service rules concerning short-distance travel, driving in adverse conditions, and the 30-minute break requirement. You can consult a skilled attorney to understand how these exceptions work and how they might apply to your case.
Alcohol Testing Regulations
Interstate motor carriers are required by law to conduct drug and alcohol tests for their drivers. These requirements are in place to ensure public safety and minimize the likelihood of DUI-related road accidents.
According to the rules, these tests are to be conducted randomly and at specific statutorily mandated times, including;
- When a new driver is hired
- After an accident involving a fatality
- Where an accident occurs and the driver is issued a citation (if there is critical damage to another vehicle or serious bodily injury that requires treatment away from the scene occurred).
Under the rules, the motor carrier shall not permit any driver who fails the test to drive or operate a vehicle. Drivers are also prohibited from driving or performing any other safety function within four hours of consuming alcohol.
Physical Fitness and Screening Regulations
An interstate carrier has to ensure that its truck drivers meet the statutory physical fitness requirements. Every driver is required to undergo a physical fitness exam conducted by one of the approved medical examiners listed on the FMSCA national registry.
After a successful screening, the medical examiner would issue each driver a certificate valid for two years. Those whose health conditions prevent them from passing the test cannot work as drivers of commercial vehicles.
Insurance Coverage Requirements
The FMSCA requires interstate carriers to have certain insurance policies for their business. The insurance requirements differ depending on several factors, including;
- The nature of goods to be transported (whether they are hazardous materials)
- The weight of the trucks
- The number of passengers the vehicle carries (if any).
The FMSCA insurance requirements are unavoidable as you are required to submit some of the insurance paperwork while you’re applying for your motor carrier license.
Fuel Tax Compliance
If your trucking business operates across two or more state lines and your vehicles meet specific weight requirements, you’ll need to comply with the provisions of the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) and International Registration Plan (IRP). Both programs are in place to enable motor carriers to pay fuel taxes and file their paperwork efficiently across various states.